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Physical examination

Physical examination icon

Assessment of nutritional status

  • It should include posture, skeletal deformities (e.g., scoliosis) and contractures.

Overall assessment

  • Assess subcutaneous cellular tissue and muscle mass.
  • Presence of deficiency signs.

How to assess deficiency signs?

Significant deficiency signs: pallor and eczemas, thinning hair, angular stomatitis, rickety signs.
Global malnutrition can be observed by touching the skin and adipose paniculus especially on arms, groin and glutes.

  • Presence of signs of dehydration.
  • Oral alterations (ex: gingival, dental) and oral acid odour.
  • Presence of decubitus ulcers.
  • Assess signs of fecal retention.